It’s called Transhumanism and it is an intellectual and cultural movement that aims to transform the human condition through the use of technology. Transhumanists aim for a new form of humanity called “posthuman” and seek to achieve this through the use of technology that will eliminate aging while enhancing human intellectual, physical, and psychological abilities.
Transhumanism does not have an official start, and advocates claim it can be traced back to the beginning of history. Examples such as the Epic of Gilgamesh and the search for the Fountain of Youth are all cases of humans attempting to elongate and improve their life through new discoveries, which is the basis of Transhumanism. The term was reportedly coined by Julian Huxley, brother of author Aldous Huxley, and rapidly expanded throughout the 19th and 20th centuries.
Russian philosopher Nikolai Fyodorov advocated radical life extension and even resurrection of the dead through science in the 1800’s. He hoped for “physical immortality” so that humans could reach a new level that they had not previously thought possible.
Another Transhumanist named J.D. Bernal wrote about how things as amazing as space colonization, bionic implants, and cognitive enhancement would all become possible!