India is currently at second for the world’s largest population with 1.21 billion people or 17% of the Earth’s population. When India was granted independence from the United Kingdom around 60 years ago, its population was around 350 million.
Since that time however, it has nearly tripled. In a matter of decades, it will out-populate China. This high population rate is a result of increasing poverty and sub-standard health care. There is very little awareness and education about birth-control, even amongst the middle classes.
Meanwhile China's population is expected to drop while the US is never expected to reach the mark of 1 billion people. India has created some goals to reduce their population rates, but those goals will need to be carried out with well-planned, and effective strategies to curb a growth rate of 1.6%.