Guy Fawkes was one of the leaders of the notorious Gunpowder Plot of 1605- the plan to assassinate King James I. The plotters secured the lease of an undercroft beneath the House of Lords and Fawkes was placed in charge of the gunpowder they stored there.
Due to an anonymous tip, authorities searched Westminster Place one morning, and found Fawkes guarding the explosives. They questioned and tortured him, and eventually he revealed everything. Now, contrary to popular belief, murdering the King was never intended the spark anarchy.
Rather, Fawkes and everyone else involved in the plot, wanted to restore a Catholic monarch to the throne. Now, Fawkes’s plan was never executed, but he certainly was.
To this day, the failure of the Gunpowder Plot is commemorated in England on November 5th. Fawkes’s effigy is usually burned on a bonfire, and fireworks are shot up into the air.